Learning Theories Compared

I understand this graphic may not be large enough to read unless you increase the zoom on your browser. You can download the PDF as a document to read more conveniently by clicking on this link Learning Theories Comparison Matrix

Here are the sources I found most valuable whilst I was completing coursework and indeed this matrix:


Keramida, M. (2015, May 25). Behaviorism In Instructional Design For eLearning: When And How To Use. Retrieved November 16, 2017, from https://elearningindustry.com/behaviorism-in-instructional-design-for-elearning-when-and-how-to-use

McLeod, S. (2015). Skinner – Operant Conditioning. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/operant-conditioning.html


McLeod, S. (2014). Lev Vygotsky. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html

McLeod, S. (2012). Zone of Proximal Development. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/Zone-of-Proximal-Development.html

Author not attributed. Jerome Bruner. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerome_Bruner


Smith, M.K. (2002). Jerome S. Bruner and the process of education. The Encyclopedia of Informal Education.

McLeod, S. A. (2016). Bandura – social learning theory. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html

Mayer, R. E., & Moreno, R. (2003). Nine Ways to Reduce Cognitive Load in Multimedia Learning. EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGIST, 38(1), 43-52. Retrieved November 16, 2017, from http://faculty.washington.edu/farkas/WDFR/MayerMoreno9WaysToReduceCognitiveLoad.pdf


Siemens, G. (2004). A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning. Retrieved December 7, 2017.

Downes, S. (2010, September 10). Connectivism and its Critics: What Connectivism Is Not. Retrieved December 7, 2017, from http://www.downes.ca/post/53657

Siemens, G. (2009, September 12). What is Connectivism? Retrieved December 7, 2017, from https://docs.google.com/document/d/14pKVP0_ILdPty6MGMJW8eQVEY1zibZ0RpQ2C0cePIgc/preview
Discusses how Connectivism differs from other learning theories.


Finlay, J. (2010, May 17). Andragogy (Adult Learning). Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vLoPiHUZbEw

Pappas, C. (2013, May 9). The Adult Learning Theory – Andragogy – of Malcolm Knowles. Retrieved from https://elearningindustry.com/the-adult-learning-theory-andragogy-of-malcolm-knowles
Cites Knowles 1984 but there are two sources in the list from 1984, not sure which one.